Tulsidas Biography in English Pdf Free Download

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Tulsidas Biography in English Pdf







Among the great poets of the saint tradition, Tulsidas is like the Sun, whose poetic composition is illuminating not only the Hindu society and India, but the whole world. But it is a matter of great regret that the birth of that great poet There is a blackness of darkness in the form of controversy. From all the results of research and conclusions that have been received so far, no solid evidence has been available about the birth period of the great poet Tulsidas.






Dr. Pitambar Dutt Badathwal and Shyamsundar Das consider the original Gosain character as the basis and Manas Mayank Kar has also considered 1554 as the birth period of the great poet Tulsidas. It is popular on the basis of public legends that Tulsidas got so distracted by the memory of his wife during his stay in Kashi that he decided to return to his home area village Rajapur after seeking permission from his guru.




Tulsidas reached his in-law’s house by swimming across the Yamuna river and went to Ratnavali’s room and asked her to go with him. Ratnavali was distraught with fear and shame on seeing her husband coming to her maternal house on this dark and stormy night and she asked Tulsidas to return immediately.





Ratnavali told her husband Tulsidas to connect with God through Doha by having love and postponed the request to go with Tulsidas. Wife Ratnavali’s words had a deep impact on Tulsidas’s heart, this was the reason that he became Tulsidas from ‘Tulsiram’ after getting disenchanted with the world.




Acharya related to Goswami Tulsidas Shri Sampradaya




Ramanand’s disciple was a follower of the tradition. He created poetry in the folk language according to the time, which was named ‘Ramcharit Manas’. All the narrative poems of Tulsidas have been designated only one and that Ain, Ken, Prakran Maryada indicates the devotion of Purushottam Ram.





Tulsidas has equal control over Braj Bhasha and Awadhi Bhasha. He got fame and popularity only from Tulsidas’s immortal work Ramcharit Manas. Tulsidas has created many compositions. Ramcharit Manas, Vinay Patrika, Janaki Mangal, Ramlal Nahchu, Gitavali, Parvati Mangal, Dohavali, Barvai Ramayana, Hanuman Bahuk, Kavitavali along with Vairagya Sandipani have a prominent and important place.




Creation of the classic work of Tulsidas 




In Ramcharit Manas, a representation of all the tableaus related to the life of Ram is found. Tulsidas has created his devotional spirit in Vinay Patrika through melodious songs. Tulsidas, in the creation of his work Ramcharit Manas, described Varnashrama Dharma, Sakar Upasana, Go, Brahmin Raksha, Avatarism, Sagunism, Devadi, and many types of yonis as well as the glory of Vedas along with the ancient culture and the heretics of that time. Mention is made of the tyranny of the society, the faults prevailing in the society, and the criticism of sectarianism.





There is no concrete evidence available about the parents of Tulsidas. Tulsidas’s father’s name was Atmaram Dubey on the basis of public hearsay and evidence. Atmaram Dubey Saryuparin was a respected Brahmin. Atmaram Dubey’s wife’s name was Hulsi. Hulsi is also mentioned in Rahim’s couplets as Tulsidas’s mother.




Tulsidas was born in the house of Atmaram Dubey and Hulsi Devi in Abhukt Mool Nakshatra on the seventh day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Shravan Samvat 1554. Most scholars have considered Rajapur village in Chitrakoot district of Uttar Pradesh as the birthplace of Tulsidas. Somewhere according to some scholars, the birthplace of Tulsidas has been described as Shukar Kshetra.




According to legends, Tulsidas was in his mother’s womb for 12 months and was a completely healthy child. At the time of birth, 32 teeth were visible in his mouth. At the time of birth, the child Tulsidas had uttered ‘Ram Naam’, hence his name was Rambola.




As soon as the child Tulsidas was born, his mother Hulsi Devi died. Atmaram Dubey, the father of child Tulsidas, to avoid the apprehension of any evil, handed over the child to his maid Chuniya and himself became detached from the world. The child had become very famous in the area by the name of Rambola.





Narharyanand ji, the beloved disciple of Saint Anantanand ji (Narhari Baba) living on Ramshail, found that child named ‘Rambola’ with the inspiration of Lord Shankar and by law, that ‘Rambola’ was named Tulsidas.




Narharyananda took Tulsidas with him to Ayodhya and there in Samvat 1561, on the Shukla Panchami date of the month of Magha, he got his Yagyopaveet Sanskar completed. Child Rambola Tulsidas pronounced Gayatri Mantra clearly on his own at the time of Yajnopaveet Sanskar, without being taught by anyone, due to which all the people present there were surprised.





Narhari Baba initiated Tulsidas with the five rites of Vaishnavism as well as the Ram Mantra after the sacrificial fire ceremony. Narhari Baba made Tulsidas study in Ayodhya itself. After being educated in Ayodhya, Tulsidas also took education in Kashi. Tulsidas was married to a girl named Ratnavali.





Tulsidas loved his wife very much. Ratnavali had come to her maternal home. Tulsidas could not bear the separation from his wife and reached his in-law’s house only after his wife, but Ratnavali said sarcastically on seeing Tulsidas – If you love God as much as you love this mortal body, then your fleet will cross this mortal world Happens.





Hurt by his wife’s sarcastic words, Tulsidas left the house and started searching for Lord Ram while wandering in pilgrimage places. In this effort, Tulsidas had the darshan of Lord Shri Ram one day in Chitrakoot. The names of many people are mentioned regarding the Guru of Tulsidas.





But mainly Narhari Baba (Narharyananda) was the spiritual teacher of Tulsidas. Tulsidas wrote his precious and popular works – Ramcharit Manas, Barvai Ramayana, Ramlal Nahchu, Parvati Mangal, Ramagya Prashn, Janaki Mangal, Krishna Gitavali, Sahitya Ratna, Gitavali, Vairag Sandipani, Dohavali, Vinay Patrika except for these 12 creations, Tulsidas composed four works. And the compositions are very popular and famous among the masses, in which Hanuman Chalisa, Hanumanashtak, Hanuman Bahuk, and Tulsi Satsai are prominent.





Tulsidas returned to Kashi again after staying for some time in Rajapur village. Tulsidas came to Kashi and started reciting Ramkatha here too. According to the folklore of the public community, a ghost had told Tulsidas the address of Hanuman ji. After meeting Hanuman Ji, Tulsidas expressed his desire to see Ram.





According to Hanuman ji, Tulsidas got the darshan of Ram. Tulsidas had the pleasure of seeing Shri Ram twice. In the second darshan, Shri Ram applied Tilak on Tulsidas’s forehead and he also disappeared by applying Tilak. When the Pandit priests of Kashi came to know about this, they all became jealous of Tulsidas and started trying to harm Ramcharit Manas by condemning Tulsidas by forming a group.





A group of Pandit priests sent two thieves to steal the Ramcharit Manas. When the thieves reached Tulsidas’ hut to steal Ramcharit Manas, both of them saw two princes of Shyam and Gaur Varna, who were guarding Tulsidas’s hut with bows and arrows in their hands.





Seeing such a beautiful pair of Shyam Gaur Varna, the corrupt mind of the thieves became pure, both of them stopped stealing and started spending their lives in the hymns of God. Tulsidas came to know that God had to suffer for him.





Then he looted all the goods of his hut in public and got Ramcharit Manas kept with his friend Todermal. Tulsidas then wrote the second work of Ramcharit Manas, on the basis of which the writing work of other copies started.





Ramcharit Manas, the masterpiece of Tulsidas, started being widely publicized every day. Even the Pandit priests of Kashi were not able to see any way through which Tulsidas could be defeated as an insult. All the Pandit priests together prayed to Shri Madhusudan Saraswati ji to see that Ramcharit Manas. Shri Madhusudan Saraswati ji was very happy while observing Ramcharit Manas on the prayer of Pandit priests.




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