Bhagat Singh Biography in English pdf Download

Today in this post we are going to give you Bhagat Singh Biography in English pdf, you can read it below and also download it and you can also read Tulsidas Biography in English Pdf.




Bhagat Singh Biography in English pdf









Sardar Bhagat Singh was one of the important revolutionaries of the Indian National Movement. He had done important work for the independence of India by associating with many revolutionary movements.




At the age of just 23, Bhagat Singh became a martyr by sacrificing his life for freedom. On March 23, 1931, his sacrifice day is celebrated among the supporters of Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh’s memorial The National Martyr Memorial is built in Hussaina Wala of Punjab province.





Early life of Bhagat Singh





Sardar Bhagat Singh was born on 28 September 1907 to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati Kaur at Banga in Lyallpur (present-day Pakistan) district. Bhagat Singh’s father Kishan Singh and uncles Ajit Singh and Swaran Singh were sent to jail at the time of Bhagat Singh’s birth.





The reason for this was that Bhagat Singh’s father and uncle protested against the Colonization Bill in 1906. Bhagat Singh’s uncle Ajit Singh founded an organization called Bharatiya Deshbhakt Sangh and was the leader of the organization.





Bhagat Singh had inherited political consciousness. Ajit Singh’s friend Syed Haider Raza supported him very well in organizing the farmers against the Chenab Canal Colony. Ajit Singh was forced to flee to Iran because the British government had filed 22 cases against him.




Ajit Singh’s entire family supported the Ghadar Party and there was an atmosphere of political consciousness within the house which played an important role in inculcating the spirit of patriotism in the heart of young Bhagat Singh as well.





Educational life of Sardar Bhagat Singh





Sardar Bhagat Singh’s early education was done in his village school till the fifth grade. Bhagat Singh’s father enrolled him in education at Dayanand Anglo Vedic High School in Lahore. Bhagat Singh joined the non-cooperation movement run by Mahatma Gandhi at a very young age. Bhagat Singh defied British rule by burning the Holi of government-sponsored books and respected Gandhiji’s ideas. Bhagat Singh left school to enroll in the National College of Lahore.




Beginning of the political movement of Bhagat Singh





The two incidents of those days, the Jallianwala Bagh incident in 1919 and the killing of unarmed Akali protestors at Nankana Sahib in 1921, deeply hurt Kishore Bhagat Singh’s heart. These two incidents played an important role in shaping the patriotic outlook of Bhagat Singh.




Bhagat Singh’s entire family was a supporter of the Indian National Congress and the Non-Cooperation Movement and believed in achieving Swaraj through the Gandhian non-violent movement.




When Gandhiji decided to withdraw from the non-cooperation movement after the Chaurichaura incident, Bhagat Singh joined the youth revolutionary movement, separating himself from Gandhiji’s non-violent movement, and thus becoming a leading advocate of violent rebellion against British rule. As his political movement started.




Marital life of Bhagat Singh




Bhagat Singh had refused his parents for married life. Bhagat Singh when B.A. Bhagat Singh’s parents tried to materialize their marriage plan when he was giving the exam, but Bhagat Singh refused and said that if his marriage takes place in slave India, his bride will die.




The leadership of Bhagat Singh




Inspired by the national movement of Europe, Bhagat Singh formed the Naujawan Bharat Sabha by taking Bhoj Singh along with him as its secretary. Bhagat Singh joined a fundamentalist group Hindustan Republican Association (HRA) and again with his revolutionary comrades Chandrashekhar Azad and Sukhdev (HSRA) started an organization called Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Bhagat Singh returned to his parents in Lahore on the assurance of not marrying.





After coming to Lahore, Bhagat Singh started contributing to his magazine Kirti after contacting the members of the Kirti Kisan Party. Bhagat Singh was an avid reader as a student and was aware of the national movement of Europe. Bhagat Singh had leadership potential. Influenced by the writings of Friedrich Engels and Kal Marx, he was influenced by the socialist outlook while shaping his political ideology.





Bhagat Singh’s contribution to the national movement and revolutionary activity 





In the beginning, Bhagat Singh limited his activities against British rule to uprooting British rule, writing brief articles and underlining violent principles in his articles, printing and distributing those articles. The British Government’s interest in Bhagat Singh naturally increased due to Bhagat Singh’s influence on the youth and his cooperative attitude toward the Akali movement.





In 1926 Bhagat Singh was arrested by the police in Lahore. Bhagat Singh was released after 5 months of imprisonment on a bond of 60,000. Lala Lajpat Rai led all the parties together on 30 October 1928 and marched towards Lahore station opposing the arrival of Simon Commission.




The British government resorted to lathi charges by the police to suppress the protestors. Lala Lajpat Rai, who was leading the protestors, was seriously injured in that lathi charge clash.





Lala Lajpat Rai was released but Lala Lajpat Rai died on 17 November 1928 due to serious injury. All the agitators were deeply saddened by the death of Lala Lajpat Rai. In order to avenge the death of Lalaji, Bhagat Singh along with his associates killed Superintendent of Police James. A. Prepared a plan to kill Scott. The revolutionaries believed that Superintendent of Police James. A. It was Scott who ordered the Lathi charge.





James. A. Scott’s Assistant Superintendent of Police J.P. Saunders was sentenced to death by the revolutionaries. Bhagat Singh had left Lahore to avoid arrest and cut his hair and beard, violating the sanctity of Sikhism.




The Hindustan Socialist Republican Association prepared a plan to detonate bombs inside the Assembly premises in protest against the Defense of India Act. When the ordinance was to be passed in the assembly.




That day was April 8, 1929. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt dropped a bomb on the assembly. Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt also dropped assembly pamphlets while raising the slogan of Inquilab Zindabad and waving missiles.





The bomb was not dropped to kill or injure anyone. The bomb was resorted to to attract the attention of the British Government. So the bomb was dropped on a vacant lot. But many assembly members were injured due to the uproar. Bhagat Singh himself surrendered after the bomb blast.




Court trial of Vidhansabha accident in 1919





In the month of May, the court proceedings of the Vidhansabha incident were started in which Bhagat Singh demanded to present his defense. Afsar Ali was represented by Batukeshwar Dutt. There was a dramatic display of protest with widespread criticism in the political sphere.





Bhagat Singh replied by saying that when the method of protest is applied aggressively then it is a form of ‘violence’ and morally inappropriate. But when it is used for a valid reason then it is said to be morally just. But the court sentenced Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt to life imprisonment citing the malicious and illegal intention of the blast.




Lahore Conspiracy Trial 




Immediately after the sentencing of Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt, the police raided the SHRA bomb manufacturing company in Lahore and arrested several prominent revolutionaries. Hansraj Bohra, Jai Gopal, and Fadidranath Ghosh approved the government.





That’s why 21 revolutionaries were arrested along with Sukhdev. Lahore Conspiracy Case Jatindranath Das, Rajguru, and Bhagat Singh were again arrested for the murder of Assistant Superintendent of Police JP Saunders and bomb-making. The trial against the 28 accused started on 28 July 1929 under the chairmanship of Justice Raisaheb Pandit Shri Kishan.





Bhagat Singh and his fellow prisoners declared a hunger strike alleging partiality in the treatment of white versus native prisoners and asked to be recognized as a ‘political prisoner’. The revolutionaries’ hunger strike attracted press attention and gathered public support for their demands. Jatindranath Das died due to fasting for 63 days. The negativity of the authorities triggered a strong reaction in the public community.




On October 5, 1992, Bhagat Singh broke his 116-day fast at the behest of his father and the Congress leadership. Due to the slow pace of the legal process, a joint special tribunal comprising Justice J Cold Stream, Justice Agha Haider, and Justice GC Hilton was set up on 1 May 1930 on the instructions of Viceroy Lord Irpin. In this, the tribunal had the right to proceed further.




In the absence of the accused, these were one-sided trials in which normal legal rights and guidelines were rarely followed. On 7 October 1930, the tribunal gave its verdict in 300 pages. It was said in this judgment that there is irrefutable evidence to corroborate the charge against Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev as well as Rajguru in the Saunders murder case. Bhagat Singh confessed to the murder and gave a statement against the British rule during the trial itself, Bhagat Singh was sentenced to death.





Sardar Bhagat Singh was sentenced to death by the British Government.





Along with Bhagat Singh, his revolutionary comrades Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged in Lahore Jail at 7.30 am on March 23, 1931. According to legends, all three sacrificed their lives rejoicing on the gallows while chanting the slogan of their choice ‘Inquilab Zindabad’ and British Imperialism below. The last rites of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, and Rajguru were performed simultaneously at Hussainiwala on the banks of the Sutlej River.




The Legacy and Popularity of Sardar Bhagat Singh




The intense patriotism associated with the blessings of Sardar Bhagat Singh had become an inspiration and example for the youth of the country. Sardar Bhagat Singh had become the loud voice of the youth of his generation through his vociferous call for British rule and through his writings. Bhagat Singh fearlessly inspired many youths and teenagers to join the freedom struggle. When Bhagat Singh criticized Gandhiji’s non-violent path to freedom, many others also criticized Gandhiji’s non-violent movement.




The popularity of Sardar Bhagat Singh can be gauged from the fact that in a survey conducted by India Today in 2008, Sardar Bhagat Singh was voted as the greatest Indian freedom fighter ahead of Subhash Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi. All Indian people must try to cherish and save the legacy of Bhagat Singh.




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